Any patient who suffers from Diabetes, is at a high risk for a vast number of ocular complications. Our Diabetic vision care service, focuses on identifying, preventing and managing such problems. Diabetes is a condition that affects the way we convert food for energy and growth. In all types of diabetes, the body has trouble converting sugar in the blood into energy, resulting in a number of health problems. Diabetes is one of the most common health complication which leads to various secondary health complications. The prevalence of Diabetes is extremely high in UAE and this makes it extremely vital for all patients to undergo regular health examinations. The examinations are not only to ensure that blood sugar levels are maintained, but also to ensure no secondary complications are developing, especially in the eyes. Diabetes increases the likelihood of common diabetes-related vision problems:
Diabetics are prone to developing cataracts (a clouding of the eye’s lens) at an earlier age than normal individuals. Cataracts thus developed, reduces the clarity of vision and continues to worsen until the cataractous lens is replaced with an artificial lens.
People with diabetes are 50% more likely to develop Glaucoma, an eye disorder that damages the optic nerve mostly by an increase of internal eye pressure.
Macular edema (or Macular Degeneration) are more common in diabetic patients due to malfunctioning blood vessels in the central region of the retina. This part of the retina is responsible for clear and sharp vision.
Most notably, diabetes can result in diabetic retinopathy; an eye disease that affects the blood vessels in the Retina. This is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness. Diabetes can cause blood vessels to swell and leak fluid. Sometimes, new blood vessels can grow on the surface of the retina.
Here at the Diabetic Vision Care clinic in Yateem Eye Center, we understand the complex nature of this condition. We undertake a comprehensive examination, diagnosis and routine follow up schedule to ensure that the patients receive the best treatment. Surgeries: LASERSIndirect Ophthalmoscopic Laser Delivery System (LIO)This laser delivery system is mainly used for peripheral retinal lesions, e.g. horse shoe tear (HST), lattice degeneration, retinal holes, Pan retinal photocoagulation for vascular retinopathy in a hazy media. It is also a very good tool to perform lasers for diabetic retinopathyFocal, Grid, Modified Grid LaserThis is used to treat macula involved in diabetic retinopathy Control and PreventionIf you have diabetes, you are not doomed to develop diabetic eye disease. Although you are at risk, you have the ability to control your diabetes so your vision is not compromised. Controlling diabetes requires you to be active and involved in monitoring your blood sugar. There are some other specific things that you can do to preserve your vision:
Visit your doctor regularly—Schedule regular doctor visits for blood sugar monitoring. Listen to your doctors’ recommendations and follow them. Answer questions honestly. Your doctor will be limited in helping you if you are not completely honest and open about daily choices that you make that affect your diabetes.
Control your diet—Eating right is essential when trying to prevent or control diabetes. You need to eat a diet that is high in nutrients, low in fat and moderate in calories. A high-fiber diet with low glycemic index foods (slow-release carbohydrates) will keep blood sugar steady and make you feel full. Although you do not need to eliminate sugar completely, you must limit sugar to a small serving.
Exercise regularly— Exercise can help you control your blood sugar, increase fitness and reduce your risk for heart disease and nerve damage. You must track your blood sugar before, during and after exercise to prevent hypoglycemia.
Have regular comprehensive eye exams—Your eye doctor will test for diabetic eye diseases during the examination. If you are prediabetic or diabetic, it is even more important to have regular follow-up visits to monitor your vision.