Vitreoretinal Services

The department deals with the management of diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, ARMD, infections, trauma & various other retinal disorders.   An exclusive retinal examination may be different than a routine eye exam. It involves dilation of your pupils, examination by the specialist and diagnostic testing if required. It may take about three hours for the complete examination. If treatment is recommended for your condition, it may take a little more time to perform the procedure. Surgical intervention if required can be scheduled at an appropriate time, depending on your condition.
  • Dilation enlarges your pupils to allow the doctor a better view inside your eye. It is important to know that your vision will be blurred and you will be sensitive to light for 3 to 4 hours following this. Therefore, we recommend that you do not not drive after your appointment.
  • Most diagnostic tests that the doctor may order to evaluate your eye condition can be performed in the outpatient on the same day.
  • Many of the procedures (treatments) that may be recommended to treat your condition can be performed by the doctor in the outpatient as well.
  • We also have a well-equipped operation theatre for vitreoretinal surgery.
Age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy (the leading cause of blindness in people under 50 years of age), detached retinas, and other vascular abnormalities of the retina and choroid are treated and managed through the Retina and Vitreous Service (for a more complete list of conditions treated, see below). Retina diseases are diagnosed and managed in a new, state-of-the-art facility that includes digital fundus photography and fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and indocyanine green angiography (ICG) to image retinal disease. Together with laser treatment, photodynamic therapy (PDT), anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections for AMD, and retina surgery, we offer comprehensive care for adults and children.   Retina Conditions Managed and Treated
  • Age-related Macular Degeneration
    • Dry (non-neovascular, geographic atrophy)
    • Wet (neovascular, choroidal)
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
    • Macular edema
    • Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
    • Vitreous Hemorrhage
    • Diabetic Retinal Detachments
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Macular Dystrophies
    • Stargardt
    • Best
    • Pattern dystroph
  • Macular Holes/Macular Pucker (epiretinal membrane)
  • Retinal Degenerations
    • Retinitis Pigmentosa
    • Cone-rod dystroph
  • Retinal Detachment
    • Tractional
    • Complicated (Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy)
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity
  • Trauma
  • Uveitis
    • Panuveitis
    • Pars Planitis
    • Viral retinitis
  COMMON DIAGNOSTIC TESTS:
  • Fundus Photography Color photographs of the back of the eye
  • Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) – A diagnostic procedure that photographs the blood circulation of the retina
  • Indocyanine Green Angiography (ICG)   A diagnostic procedure that photographs the blood circulation of the choroid. (Choroid is a layer of blood vessels behind the retina
  • Optical Coherence Tomography This is a diagnostic procedure similar to the CT scan of the brain. It uses a beam of light and its reflection to obtain cross-sectional images that provide information about the different layers of the retina. It is very useful to diagnose macular edema( fluid collection in the macular area due to various cause like diabetic retinopathy, Retinal Vein occlusions etc)
  • Ultrasonography (B-Scan) This procedure involves examining  the eye when the normal view is obscured by hemorrhage(blood inside the eye) or cataracts.